For the smooth transition into the future, more complete, and complex energy system, the buidling stock is needed to be accordingly embedded and connected with emerging as well as traditional actors in the overall energy system, ranging from the project phase design until the operational one.
In my current developments there are three different levels in the energy system in which I do set up a variety of tools, technologies and methodologies seeking for the smoothest and deepest transition and integration:
I) Building system
– smart city environment
– district city level
– building certification schemes
– subsystems operating at buidling level
II) Organizational system
– household owners
– distribution system operators
– market and pricing
– smart grids
– transmision system operators
– energy storage
Whereas for some of the systems the current communication and management mechanisms will be enough: billing documents, meters, DSO supervision,…
And some other are already in deployment phase: energy labelling, intelligent metering, smart networks, market pricing signal, household appliances monitoring
The use of the Building Framework Reference Matrix (see figure) facilitates from the early project stages the screening process aiming at action and initiatives overarching and connecting the project design phase (also for building renovation) with the operational performance of the building in terms of energy efficiency and widely embedded in the larger energy system.
Within each of the areas reflected in the matrix I would recommend yet to introduce another basic classification scheme in terms of:
– Energy (amounts of energy)
– Yield / performance (effectiveness in respect to energy use)
– Energy efficiency (with regard to the service to be delivered and customer orientation)
The purpose of this basic classification is getting a preliminary structure of the current settings and a larger view on how the different initiatives might contribute in each of the fields (energy – effectiveness – efficiency).
Thus delivering in more integrated buildings in a wider energy system scope.